What is Bacterial Vaginosis?
Bacterial vaginosis, also termed as vaginal bacteriosis, is the most well-known cause of vaginal infection ladies of childbirth age. Generally, the good bacteria, lactobacilli, outnumber bad bacteria, anaerobes. However, if there are such a large number of anaerobic bacteria, they upset the expected balance of microorganisms in the vagina and become the basis for bacterial vaginosis (1).
Who gets Bacterial Vaginosis?
Bacterial vaginosis is the most common vaginal disorder in females age 15 to 44, but ladies of all ages can get it, regqardless of whether they have never had intercourse. You might be more in danger for bacterial vaginosis if you:
- Have a new sex partner
- Have multiple sex partners
- Done douching
- Have an intrauterine device (IUD)
- Have not used condoms or dental dams
- Have irregular bleeding.
- Are African-American. BV is two-fold as common in African-American women as in white ladies.
- Are pregnant. BV is very frequent during pregnancy. Around 1 of every 4 pregnant ladies get bacterial vaginosis. The possibility for BV is more for pregnant females due to the hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy.
- Pregnant ladies can get bacterial vaginosis. Pregnant ladies with bacterial vaginosis are bound to have prematurely born babies or with low birth weight as compared to pregnant females without BV. Low birth weight implies having an infant that weighs under 5.5 pounds at the time of birth.
- You cannot get bacterial vaginosis from seats, beddings, or pools.
How do you get Bacterial Vaginosis?Researchers are as yet concentrating on how women get bacterial vaginosis. You can get BV without having intercourse, but it is more common in females who are sexually active. Researchers do know that infection commonly happens in sexually active females. BV is connected to the unevenness of good and harmful bacteria that are normally present in a woman’s vagina. Researchers likewise do not have the foggiest idea of how sex adds to BV. There is no research study to show that treating a sex partner influences whether or not a woman gets bacterial vaginosis. Having bacterial vaginosis can expand your odds of getting other STDs. BV rarely affects ladies who have never engaged in sexual relations.
What are the symptoms of Bacterial Vaginosis?
Numerous ladies with bacterial vaginosis do not have symptoms. Sometimes manifestations come and go, or they are so mild or gentle to such an extent that you do not notice them. If you do feel symptoms, you might notice:
- A thin white or gray vaginal discharge
- Pain, itching, or burning in the vagina
- A strong fish-like smell, particularly after sex
- Burning while urinating
- Itching around the external of the vagina
- The most well-known symptom of bacterial vaginosis is an unordinary vaginal discharge that has a strong fishy odor, especially after sex.
- You may see a change to the color and consistency of vaginal discharge, for example becoming grayish-white, thin and watery.
What is the difference between Bacterial Vaginosis and Vaginal Yeast Infection?Both bacterial vaginosis and vaginal yeast infections are common reasons for vaginal discharge. They have comparable symptoms, so it tends to be difficult to know whether you have bacterial vaginosis or a yeast infection. With bacterial vaginosis, your discharge might be white or gray but may likewise have a fishy odor while most women do not notice any odor with a yeast infection. Yeast infection discharge may be white or gray but often look like cottage cheese.
How is BV diagnosed?
To diagnose the bacterial vaginosis, your doctor may:
- Ask questions regarding your medical history, may get some information about any previous vaginal or sexually transmitted infections (STIs).
- Perform a pelvic assessment and examination. During a pelvic exam, your physician may visually examine your vagina for any signs of infection and inserts two fingers into the vagina while press on your abdomen with the other hand to check your pelvic organs for signs that may show disease. Take a sample of vaginal discharge. This might be done to check for an abundance of anaerobic bacteria in the vaginal flora (2).
- Check the acidity of your vagina by putting a pH test strip in your vagina. A vaginal pH of 4.5 or greater is a sign of bacterial vaginosis.
Before you see a specialist or a doctor for a test:
- Try not to douche or use vaginal antiperspirant sprays. They may cover smells that can enable your doctor to diagnose bacterial vaginosis and can likewise irritate your vagina.
- Make an appointment on a day when you do not have your period.
How is BV treated?
Bacterial vaginosis is treated with antibiotics recommended and prescribed by your doctor. If you get bacterial vaginosis, your male sex partner would not need to be treated. But, if you are female and have a same-sex partner, she might have BV and likewise requires to see her doctor for treatment.
BV and vaginal yeast infections are dealt with differently. Bacterial vaginosis is managed with antibiotics prescribed by your physician. Yeast infections can be treated with over the counter (OTC) medicines, but you can’t treat with OTC yeast infection medicine. It is common for bacterial vaginosis to recur inside three months to a year, in spite of treatment. Researchers are investigating medications for recurrent bacterial vaginosis. In the event that your symptoms recur soon after treatment, converse with your doctor regarding treatments.
Treatment of bacterial vaginosis generally recommended doing early. The two most typically prescribed medications used for the treatment of bacterial vaginosis are metronidazole and clindamycin. Both of these needs to be used for multiple days and can be used in pill form orally, or else with a gel or cream that is inserted inside the vagina.
If symptoms get relieved after treatment, a subsequent follow-up visit is not required.
What can happen if BV is not treated?
On the off chance that BV is untreated, potential issues may include:
- The higher the danger of getting STIs, including HIV. Having bacterial vaginosis can raise your danger of getting HIV, genital herpes, chlamydia, pelvic fiery illness, and gonorrhea. Ladies with HIV who get bacterial vaginosis are additionally bound to pass HIV to a male sexual partner.
- The pregnancy problems leading to premature birth or a low birth weight baby. Every pregnant lady with symptoms of BV should be tested and treated if they have it.
What should I do if I have BV?Bacterial vaginosis is easy to treat. If you consider you have bacterial vaginosis:
- See a specialist or physician.
- Take your all medicines. Regardless of whether symptoms leave, you have to complete the antibiotic course.
- Tell your sex partner, if she is female so she can be dealt with.
- Keep away from sexual contact until you finish your treatment.
- See your physician again if you have symptoms that do leave inside a couple of days after finishing the antibiotic.
Is it safe to treat pregnant women who have Bacterial Vaginosis?Yes, the medicine used to treat BV is not dangerous for pregnant women. Every single pregnant lady with symptoms of BV must be tested as well as treated if they have it. If you do have bacterial vaginosis, you can be dealt with safely at any phase of your pregnancy. You will get a similar antibiotic given to ladies who are not pregnant.
How can I lower my risk of Bacterial Vaginosis?Researchers do not know precisely how bacterial vaginosis spreads. Steps that may bring down your danger of BV include:
- Avoid using deodorants or perfumed products in and around your vaginal area
- Abstain from using strong detergent to wash your clothing and underwear
- Change your tampons or pads more often
- Do not do douching
- Make sure you wipe from front to back after going to the toilet
- Dry your vaginal area after washing, swimming and working out
- Keep the area cool by wearing cotton or cotton-lined underpants
- Change your underwear after swimming and working out
- Limiting your number of sex partners
Water is a basic nutrient and is essential to support all types of life. People can just live a couple of days without it. It is likewise a health-giving drink. The body is made up of around 60% water. Water is considered the most underutilized drink with regards to...
One in every two women is at risk of getting a urinary tract infection. The prevalence is relatively high among females. Everyone person in ten men is prone to have this infection as compared to women.
Lots of individuals think they may have arthritis, yet for some reason, they never talk about it with their primary care physicians. Numerous elder people agree to take joint pain as a measure of aging that can’t be side-stepped. They do not converse with their...
Subscribe to our Awesome Newsletter.